Posts Tagged 'digital anatomy'

Endocasting

I have found a very useful article published one year ago by Amy Balanoff and colleagues on Journal of Anatomy, a guide on “Best Practice for Digitally Constructing Endocranial Casts”. The paper is a detailed and comprehensive methodological overview on digital endocasting, introducing techniques, parameters, programs, problems, tools, and many suggestions on procedures and operational choices. Although the paper is more focused on birds and dinosaurs, it can be perfectly suited for human paleoneurology as well. The authors have organized the article as a set of replies to essential questions dealing with endocranial cast digital reconstruction. Pretty clear flow charts supply quick solutions for basic technical issues. The paper takes into account technical aspects (machines, physics, programs) as well as biological aspects (bone, skull, brain). Indeed, an extremely useful lecture for those who want to step into digital anatomy and paleoneurology.

Warping brains

Ogihara et al 2015The team coordinated by Naomichi Ogihara has published an analytical review on computed reconstruction of fossil crania and interpolation of their brain morphology. The article presents and discusses the applications of biomedical imaging in paleontology, including technical and algebraic details. Automated assembling of fossil fragments is approached following geometric similarity, fracture surfaces, pattern matching, smoothness, and anatomical correspondence. Skulls, endocasts, and brains are integrated mixing information from computed tomography and magnetic resonance, and spatial deformation functions are used to interpolate brain morphology in fossil species. This is a very useful paper both for the technical issues and for general perspectives in digital anatomy and computed morphometrics in paleoneurology. Additional information on this topic can be found in the paper by Gunz and colleagues on virtual reconstruction and in the review by our team on functional craniology.


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  • Selective brain cooling in modern humans
    The human brain is the most expensive and costly organ in terms of energetic resources and management. However, the current understanding of its sophisticated thermal control mechanisms remains insufficient. Wang et al., 2016, have reviewed the most recent studies on brain thermoregulation and examined the anatomical and physiological elements associated wit […]

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  • Researchers develop non-invasive deep brain stimulation method
    Researchers at MIT have developed a new method of electrically stimulating deep brain tissues without opening the skullSince 1997, more than 100,000 Parkinson’s Disease patients have been treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS), a surgical technique that involves the implantation of ultra-thin wire electrodes. The implanted device, sometimes referred to as […]

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