Gánovce

The natural endocranial cast of Gánovce was found in 1926 in Slovakia, and dated to 105 ka. Although the surface is damaged, the endocast is pretty complete, and has some bony fragments of the braincase encrusted on the surface. Cranial capacity is approximately 1320 cc, and the endocast has a clear Neandertal appearance, with flat parietal lobes, projecting occipital lobes, and wide frontal lobes. Between the 40s and the 60s, Emanuel Vlček provided many comprehensive studies of the cast, including shape analyses based on superimposition criteria and outlines, histological and chemical surveys, and radiological considerations. However, the endocast is scarcely known because most of the articles were published in Czech and Slovak. We have now published a JASs report to briefly summarize the information available on this fossil, providing further metrics, new comments on the craniovascular features, and a digital reconstruction after tomographic scan.

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And here the curious story of … the Circle of Gánovce!
The natural history of an endocast …

 

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