Skull base

Huxley 1863Back in 1863 Thomas Huxley stressed the relevance of the cranial base to compare cranial form among human populations. He even performed a pioneering hand-made superimposition of midsagittal profiles (see the side image of this post) by using references from the cranial base angle. The cranial base represents the central structural node of the cranium, integrating face and vault from one side, head and body from the other. Debates on its role and changes during human evolution are still constrained by limited information on its normal variation, growth and development, functional relationships, and homology among primates. We have now published a basic review on the skull base, introducing issues in medicine and anthropology. It may be a useful text to teach topics in human anatomy. This didactic article is part of a series of collaborations published in Child’s Nervous System in the last years, including similar review papers on sutures, middle meningeal artery, and cranial morphology.


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